Plants grow and raise in one place only, it is us who tends to move them from one place to another. When plants are moved from one place to another it is a traumatic situation for them to adapt to the newly provided environment.
The biggest cause of transplant shock is damage to the roots. A plant absorbs most of its water and nutrients via small tiny hair roots that are present at the farthest place from the root ball.
This damages, endup in a dead plant. To reduce this transplant shock you must take preventive measures mentioned below.
Choose Healthy Plants
To increase the chances of successful transplant you must select a healthy plant.
If you are buying online you should skip to the second point. (Harden the plant)
If you are transplanting your own plant child, you may want to consider below points.
- Avoid any damaged plant
- Avoid plant with pests, treat the pests issue first
- Avoid plant with any root damage, as transplanting success will not be that good
If you are buying from the local nursery you may want to consider the below points.
- Choose the healthy plant
- Check for root damages if they are planted in plastic bag
- Check thoroughly for any damage to plant
- Check for fungus, diseases or any other issue
If you try to transplant a struggling plant, you only add stress to an already stressed plant.
Harden the plant
If you have bought your plant online or from a local nursery, then you can skip this step. As the plants are already hardened.
But if you are growing your own in a greenhouse or on a windowside or under a cloche, you will have to make sure that the baby plant is brave enough to adjust the outside environment.
This can be done by slowly and gradually introducing the baby plant to the outside environment.
This process may take 5-7 days,
- Initially you can provide morning or evening sunlight exposure for a couple of hours.
- Gradually lengthen the time to 8-12 Hours a day
- Once you are able to keep them outside overnight for a couple of days without any issue, then your plant is ready to move.
Prune the dead parts
Dead stem, buds or damaged parts may take more energy from the plant to recover. So to channelize the overall growth you should prune the dead parts.
You are transplanting or not, you should always consider pruning the dead parts.
Water the soil of the transplant
Watering allows the plant to be fully Nourished before moving.
At the time of movement plants tend to stop taking water from their leaves, so watering them is very important.
Also moist soil will help to keep the root ball intact which will help plants to adjust more quickly.
Avoid transplanting in direct sunlight
The best environment to transplant is a cool and overcast day. Or you can conduct the process indoors.
Do not leave roots or potting medium exposed to sunlight.
Try Not To Disturb Roots
Tiny roots at the farthest end of the root ball are the most important one for plant growth. While repotting avoid any kind of jostle, hit or shake which may affect the dirt around the root ball.
Make sure that the hole you’re placing your start in is big enough. Trying to jam a plant into a small hole will cause abrasion to the roots.
Also do not allow roots to be exposed to sunlight, it may damage the root tips.
Fertilize the soil
Once transplanted and properly watered, apply sufficient amount of organic manure or root booster to encourage root development.
Please do not over fertilize it, as it may kill the plant.
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Happy Shopping! Happy Planting!